It’s important for new grads entering the Agriculture industry to pick up on industry terminology quickly.
From farming terms to confusing machinery names, understanding the jargon not only leaves a positive impression on your employer – it also plays a large role in job safety. The last thing you want to do is start operating the wrong piece of equipment when your boss tells you to use the broadcast seeder!
To help you out, we’ve outlined some of the industry’s most common words and phrases. If you’re starting your career in Agriculture, use this guide to brush up on your industry jargon!
Agribusiness: Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
Agronomy: the science of soil management and crop production
Auger: a spiral device on a shaft used to move grain through a tube
Broadcasters: a device designed to randomly scatter seeds across the surface of the ground; this method cannot be used for seeds that need to be planted deeper into the ground
Cash crop: as the name suggests, this term describes a crop that is sold off the farm in exchange for cash
Chemigation: the delivery of pesticides to plants using an irrigation system
Fair trade price: A minimum price that importers will pay agriculture producers in developing countries for their products.
Green manure: a combination of plants and other organic material used to improve soil quality by releasing substances such as nitrogen; usually soybean, alfalfa, or millet plants are used
Groundwater: the water that seeps through the spaces in soil and rock, and passes underground
Horticulturist: someone who has mastered the art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or other ornamental plants
Top dressing: the application of fertilizer or manure to the top layer of soil after the seedbed is ready or once they plants start to grow
Value chain: refers to the whole range of goods and services necessary for an agricultural product to move from the farm to the final customer or consumer.
Yield Mapping: A technique of using GPS data to analyze variables such as crop yield and moisture content in a given field.